On 21st October 2009, the EU adopted a framework for setting the efficiency requirements of energy-related products called the ErP Directive. Energy-related products are those that either use energy or have an indirect impact on energy consumption – such as tyres, bulbs or shower heads. Improving the efficiency of those across the EU will reduce the impact on the environment and lead to savings for consumers and businesses.
The ErP Directive aims to phase out poorly performing products across a range of product groups to reduce carbon emissions across Europe, with the ultimate goal of achieving the EU’s 20-20-20 targets:
A 20% reduction in EU greenhouse gas emissions (from 1990 levels)
A 20% improvement in overall energy efficiency within the EU
An increase of 20% in the share of EU energy consumption produced from renewable resources
From September 2015, the performance requirements set out in the ErP Directive will apply to all residential and commercial heating products throughout Europe, including electrical power products, boilers and water heaters as well as renewable technologies such as solar thermal products and heat pumps.
ErP is made up of two separate directives: EcoDesign and Energy Labelling. EcoDesign will only affect the manufacturers of energy-related products, whilst Energy Labelling will affect both installers and manufacturers.
EcoDesign: The EcoDesign Directive ensures that energy-related products meet performance and emissions standards at the point of manufacture. Any product that does not meet these requirements will not get a CE mark, which all products must have to be sold legally in the EU.
Energy Labelling: From 26th September 2015, boilers and heating products will be given an efficiency rating from G to A+++ which will need to be clearly displayed on the product. Installers will also be required to complete a new document called a ‘fiche’.